Epidemiology of Urinary Tract Infection in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of Mohammed VI University Hospital in Marrakech

Mariam Lagrine*, Fatiha Bennaoui, Nadia El Idrissi Slitine, Fadel Mrabih Rabou Maoulainine
Department of Pediatric, Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Mohammed VI University Hospital, Marrakesh, Morocco

© 2018 Lagrine et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Pediatric, Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Mohammed VI University Hospital, Marrakesh, Morocco, Tel: +212618181301; E-mail:



The objective of our study is to estimate the extent of urinary infection among neonatal infectious diseases.

Materials and Methods:

This work concerns a retrospective study of 91 newborns with urinary tract infections, collected in the Mohammed VI neonatal resuscitation unit, Marrakesh.


The average age of our newborns at admission was 10.8 days. In 20 cases, there were signs of maternal urinary tract infections. The main reason for hospitalization was jaundice in 72.53% of cases. The symptomatology was dominated by fever in 16.48% of cases, followed by a refusal to suck in 5.5% of cases. Escherichia coli was the predominant germ in 61.5% of cases. A probabilistic anti-biotherapy based on Ceftriaxone 3rd Generation and aminoglycoside was instituted in all cases after it was adapted to the antibiogram data. Ultrasound revealed malformations in 21 cases.


Neonatal urinary tract infection remains a common pathology. Its potential severity involving renal functional prognosis and the frequency of urinary tract malformations require early diagnosis and adequate management.

Keywords: Urinary tract infection, Newborn, Risk factor, Treatment, Epidemiology, Cytobacteriological examination.