Strategies of HIV Prevention in Low and Middle-Income Countries
Annabel Desgrées du Loû*, 1, Sarah Memmi1, Joanna Orne-Gliemann2
Identifiers and Pagination:Year: 2010
First Page: 92
Last Page: 100
Publisher Id: TOIDJ-4-92
Article History:Received Date: 30/11/2009
Revision Received Date: 13/2/2010
Acceptance Date: 7/4/2010
Electronic publication date: 15/9/2010
Collection year: 2010
open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The number of people newly infected with HIV is still very high in low and middle-income countries. In these countries, the HIV epidemic is dramatically disrupting both their population structure and economic situation. There is an urgent need to reinforce strategies to prevent HIV transmission. Despite certain successes, HIV prevention strategies have not yet been sufficient to significantly limit HIV propagation. New strategies of HIV prevention have been explored. If certain HIV prevention tools have shown some efficacy, others are still under study. This paper reviews what is known about “traditional” HIV prevention strategies and what has been published about the new strategies for HIV prevention since the early 1990s. For increased efficacy, HIV prevention efforts should be tailored to the socio-cultural and economic contexts, the local type of epidemic and the needs of local population.