Update on Antibacterial Resistance in Low-Income Countries: Factors Favoring the Emergence of Resistance

Jordi Vila, * Open Modal , 1 Tibor Pal, * Open Modal , 2 Authors Info & Affiliations
The Open Infectious Diseases Journal 15 Sept 2010 RESEARCH ARTICLE DOI: 10.2174/1874279301004010038


Antimicrobial resistance has increased drastically in recent years in the developing countries, and it has rapidly become a leading public health concern. The prevalence of antimicrobial resistance varies greatly between and within countries and between different pathogens. However, overall a trend to the increase of the resistance to those antimicrobial agents more often used in these countries has been observed. Several factors can contribute to the rapid emergence and dissemination of antimicrobial resistance. In this paper, the current antimicrobial resistance in different microorganisms from different countries as well as the factors contributing to the emergence and spread of resistance in developing countries will be reviewed.

Keywords: Antimicrobial agents, resistance, developing countries.
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