Update on Antibacterial Resistance in Low-Income Countries: Factors Favoring the Emergence of Resistance
Jordi Vila*, 1, Tibor Pal*, 2
Identifiers and Pagination:Year: 2010
First Page: 38
Last Page: 54
Publisher Id: TOIDJ-4-38
Article History:Received Date: 24/12/2009
Revision Received Date: 5/5/2010
Acceptance Date: 1/6/2010
Electronic publication date: 15/9/2010
Collection year: 2010
open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Antimicrobial resistance has increased drastically in recent years in the developing countries, and it has rapidly become a leading public health concern. The prevalence of antimicrobial resistance varies greatly between and within countries and between different pathogens. However, overall a trend to the increase of the resistance to those antimicrobial agents more often used in these countries has been observed. Several factors can contribute to the rapid emergence and dissemination of antimicrobial resistance. In this paper, the current antimicrobial resistance in different microorganisms from different countries as well as the factors contributing to the emergence and spread of resistance in developing countries will be reviewed.